The Three Little Pigments

Pigment molecules absorb light of different wavelengths so that our eyes see the colors of the spectrum that they reflect or transmit.

Chlorophylls, which capture the light energy that powers photosynthesis, are the pigments that make vegetation green, The bright pigments of autumnal leaves, mature fruits, and other colorful plant parts generally result from the unmasking or accumulation of cell constituents belonging to two different families of biochemicals – carotenoids and phenolics.

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